Token Offerings Research Database


The Token Offerings Research Database (TORD) consists of hand-collected ICOs, IEOs, and STOs. As of January 2021, the TORD is more comprehensive than any other publicly available token offerings database. The TORD partly resolves a number of issues with commercially available data, such as the pronounced survivorship bias. However, neither is the TORD 100% complete nor is it 100% correct (presumably). Therefore, caveat emptor: If you use the data, be aware of these potential issues, and if you spot a mistake, please email me.

The TORD consists of three separate files for ICOs, IEOs, and STOs. It is work in progress. Both the number of rows as well as the number of columns will expand over time.

If you use the data, please cite as follows: Momtaz, P.P. (2021) Token Offerings Research Database (TORD), available at:

Version control:

  • V1: all token offerings until 12/2020
  • V2 (not yet live): will probably include coinmarketcap identifiers